So what is a sport? You actually may hear this word a lot but have thought what is mean? how did it define? What factors affect it? is there any link between sports goals and genes?.
To enjoy the GLOW of good health, you must exercise.Gene Tunny, American professional boxer.
Probably when someone says sport, the first thing might come to your mind is wining trophies or scoring goals.
However, sport is actually more than that, it defined as the physical activity of the body that improves the mental and physical health as well as can be a great opportunity to make new friends.
What are the factors affect athlete performance?
Playing sports at any level of the tournament, from entry-level to a professional level, come up with many advantages to your health.
From enhancing heart health to enhancing your feelings of self-respect, physical activity can affect your life in an efficient way.
However, your successfulness in sports, and even what you could expect out of each activity, is relay on many factors.
According to research published in the Strength and conditioning journal, the factors impact the performance of athletes are illustrated in the figure below:
To put it in different words, physical and mental factors play an important role in sports performance.
So if you think your performance is straggling, try to consider as many factors as you can as possible causes.
Genetics and sports
According to Genetics Home Reference (2018), the performance of an athletic person is influenced by both environmental and genetic factors.
An important note to take, gene variation in your DNA can have either an enhancing or worsen role in an athlete’s performance. The study shows that genetic factors contribute 30% to 80% of the differences in performance traits among human beings.
10 genes associated with fitness performance
- ACTN3 Gene: for athlete speed performance.
- ACE Gene: for Endurance and muscle power.
- PPARA gene: Fat-burning gene.
- ACVR1B: Strength gene.
- IL15RA Gene: for muscle volume.
- MSTN Gene: for unusual muscle size and strength.
- PGC1A gene: responsible for Aerobic capacity.
- UCP2 + UCP3 Genes: for metabolism.
- ESR1 and SHBG1 + SHBG2 genes: Testosterone-influencing genes.
- IL6 gene (require long-time recovery ): Gene responsible for inflammation and recovery gene.
Let’s have a closer look at two of these genes and see how it plays a role the fitness level?
ACTN3 gene: mainly expressed in skeletal muscles and associated with athlete performance. Variation of this gene results in a significant strength baseline, a protective role against muscle injury and increases the muscle fibre that is used during sprinting known as fast-twitch muscles.
The ACE gene for Endurance: variation in this gene results in a great endurance of long-distance events. In other words, enhance the athlete running performance in an ultra-endurance event.
Sure, you probably now have a great idea on how your genetics play a vital role in your fitness and health status. But, do you know you can get a personalised report based on your DNA test. Which can be consist of certain diet and fitness goals, in addition to what you can do about them.
With this intention, if you may be genetically prone to any of these genes? Try our DNA Explorer Essential to find out the DNA predispositions that could affect your fitness level.